Monday, December 14, 2020

QUR’AN TESTIFIES MUHAMMAD PERFORMED NO MIRACLES

 


The Qur’an is the only book in Islam for which divine inspiration has been recognized by all Muslims. Yet, the Qur’an itself testifies that Muhammad performed no supernatural miracles. The miracle claims for Muhammad do not occur in the Qur’an but in the Hadith. This is a serious contradiction in Islam because if Muhammad did really perform miracles as Muslims claim, these supernatural acts would have been recorded in the Qur’an. Instead, the Qur’an reveals that whenever Muhammad was asked by his contemporaries to perform miracles, he either remained silent or confessed that he could not do so because he was just an ordinary human without any special powers. The Qur’an contains more than twenty such passages expressing Muhammad’s inability to perform miracles. The most explicit of this admission is found in the following Qur’anic verses. Two translations of this Surah are provided below:

Surah 17:90-93: They said, “We will not believe you unless you cause a spring to gush out of the ground. “Or unless you own a garden of date palms and grapes, with rivers running through it. “Or unless you cause masses from the sky, as you claimed, to fall on us. Or unless you bring God and the angels before our eyes. “Or unless you own a luxurious mansion, or unless you climb into the sky. Even if you do climb, we will not believe unless you bring a book that we can read.” Say, Glory be to my Lord. Am I any more than a human messenger?” (Khalifa)

They say, “We will not believe in you, until you cause a spring to gush forth for us from the earth, “Or until you have a garden of date trees and vines, and cause rivers to gush forth in their presence, carrying abundant water,  “Or you cause the sky to fall into pieces on us as you say, or you bring God and the angels before us face to face. “Or you have a house adorned with gold, or you raise a ladder into the universe. No, we will not even believe in your raising a ladder until you bring down to us a book that we can read.” Say, “Glory to my Lord. Am I not only a human being, a messenger?”  (Bilal Muhammad)

The following Surahs testify not only Muhammad’s failure to perform miracles but they also reveal that just like any ordinary person, he had no special knowledge of any kind:

Surah 10:20: They (unbelievers) say, “Why has his Lord not given him some miracles to (support his claim of being His Messenger)?” Say “(The knowledge) of the unseen certainly belongs to God. Wait and I too shall be waiting with you. (M. Sarwar)

Surah 67:25-26: They ask, when will this promise be fulfilled, if you are truthful? Say, God alone has knowledge of that; and I am only a plain warner. (W. Khan)

Time and again, Muhammad confessed that he was “only a plain warner.” The next following Qur’anic verse is very essential for Muslims to understand because it provides the reason why Muhammad could not have performed miracles of any kind. It specifically reveals that Muhammad was not in the same category as those who perform miracles. This is established by the very reason Allah himself gave as to why Muhammad could not perform miracles when his contemporaries demanded for one. Allah stated: Muhammad you are only a warner.” The term “only” clearly shows that Muhammad was not qualified to perform miracles.

Surah 13:7: The unbelievers say, “Why has God not sent him, (Muhammad), some miracles.” Muhammad, you are only a warner. For every nation there is a guide. (M. Sarwar)

The reason for Muhammad’s inability to perform miracles is clearly stated in the Qur’an. It says it is because he was only a warner.” By stating this, the Qur’an presupposes that the function of Muhammad as only a warner” does not include the requirement to perform miracles as it was in the case of those with a higher calling. And Allah commands Muhammad to give this very same reason to his contemporaries as a clarification for his inability to perform miracles:

Surah 29:50: And they say: Why are not signs sent down upon him from his Lord? Say: The signs are only with Allah, and I am only a plain warner. (Shakir)

As it can be noted, these Qur’anic verses clearly indicate that performing miracles was not one of the functions of Muhammad. However, the reason why Muhammad’s contemporaries demanded for miracles was because he had acknowledged the manifestation of powerful miraculous works by the “ancient Prophets” who were sent by God. But, Muhammad made a colossal error by comparing himself to Moses and Jesus – two of the greatest miracle workers. So when he claimed to speak in God’s name, they wanted divine assurance.

Surah 21:5: They have said, “It, (the Qur’an), is only the result of some confused dreams. He is only a poet. He should show us some miracles, as the ancient Prophets had done.” (M. Sarwar)

Even though the Qur’an was revealed in their own native tongue, the Quraysh contemporaries of Muhammad were not impressed by it. Even so, they had sworn that in the event if Muhammad performed “a miracle” before them, they would then believe the messages of the Qur’an. Just a single miracle was sufficient for them.

Surah 6:109: They swear by Allah that if a miracle comes to them, they would surely believe in it (the Book). Say, “All miracles are with Allah. What can make you understand that even if a physical miracle came to them, they will find other excuses and still not believe? (Shabbir Ahmed)

Their persistence in demanding miracles, and their sworn promises that in the event of one they would believe, gradually engendered the feeling of hope in the depths of Muhammad’s inner soul. He felt that Allah would certainly send a miraculous confirmation of his prophethood, which would then awe every objector into belief. But none came. And doubts began to set in into Muhammad’s heart.

The allegations regarding the doubts of Muhammad are not mere conjectures or hypotheses. They are based on facts that can be substantiated by the Qur’an itself. Numerous Qur’anic passages show that Muhammad experienced a mood of uncertainty when no miraculous sign from Allah came to confirm his mission. The most explicit passage to evidence this is stated in the following Qur’anic verses:

Surah 10:94-95: If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: So be in no wise of those in doubt. Nor be of those who reject the signs of Allah, or thou shalt be of those who perish. (Yusuf Ali)

And if thou (Muhammad) art in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto thee, then question those who read the Scripture (that was) before thee. Verily the Truth from thy Lord hath come unto thee. So be not thou of the waverers. And be not thou of those who deny the revelations of Allah, for then wert thou of the losers. (Pickthall)

It can be seen that Muhammad underwent some sort of an inner spiritual crisis when he lost hope of a miraculous sign. And Allah warned him not to become like those who deny his revelations. Allah even found it necessary to reprimand him:

Surah 11:12: Then, it may be that you will give up part of what is revealed to you and your breast will become straitened by it because they say: Why has not a treasure been sent down upon him or an angel come with him? You are only a warner; and Allah is custodian over all things. (Shakir)

You may feel the inclination to leave aside a part of what is revealed to you and you may be distressed because they say, ‘Why has no treasure been sent down to him, why has no angel come with him?’ But you are only to give warning. God is the guardian of all things. (W. Khan)

And Allah also rebuked Muhammad:

Surah 6:35: If their turning away is hard on you, then go down a tunnel deep into the earth, if you can, or climb up a ladder into heaven, and bring them a Sign. If Allah had wanted to He would have gathered them all to guidance. So do not be among the ignorant. (A. Bewley)

Muslims who attribute phenomenal status to Muhammad and believe that Allah has set him on a higher plane of knowledge than the previous prophets should seriously consider the following Qur’anic verse. Here Muhammad was commanded by Allah to make the following confession regarding his limitations as a warner:

Surah 7:188: Say: I do not control any benefit or harm for my own soul except as Allah please; and had I known the unseen I would have had much of good and no evil would have touched me; I am nothing but a warner and the giver of good news to a people who believe. (Shakir)

Despite the Qur’an’s clear acknowledgment of the absence of any supernatural power, Muslims still claim that their Prophet was a miracle worker. Of course, such claims could not be made during the lifetime of Muhammad. So it was only after his death when rumors began to be circulated by Muslim miracle-mongers that he had performed all sorts of miraculous marvels. The greater the distance in time and space, the more the mass of fiction grew. Even though the learned among the scholars of Islam knew that these claims cannot be true since they contradict the Qur’an, they remained silent.

As testified in the above Qur’anic verses, Muhammad denied any possession of supernatural powers. If he had actually performed the miracles attributed to him by the miracle-mongers in the Hadiths, then how are we to understand the denial of all such occurrences in the above Qur’anic verses? It is hard to believe why these miracle-mongers could not see that in their enthusiasm to validate Muhammad as a true Prophet of God, they are actually invalidating the Qur’an. What is worth mentioning here is the fact that even Muslim scholars, who read the Qur’an and who knew Arabic well enough to understand its meanings, remained captive to these delusions which directly conflicted with the explicit teachings of the Qur’an.

For example, Qadi ‘Iyad, (1088 C.E.-1149 C.E.), an Andalusian judge, theologian, and genealogist, wrote a book in praise of Muhammad. He stated that whenever the Prophet passed a place, the stones and trees would walk up and say, “Peace be upon you, O Apostle of God!”

Without hesitation, Muslims today eagerly believe that such miracles did occur. But how do they then reconcile this conviction of theirs with the Qur’anic verses that testify that no miracles occurred when the Quraysh polytheists refused to believe without one? The sort of miracle that those Qurayshites demanded of Muhammad was relatively minor. They only wanted Muhammad to make water gush out of the ground or to flow out from a rock. If stones actually uttered greetings to Muhammad, would not that be a convincing reason for the Quraysh to accept Muhammad as a prophet of God?

The only stone that greeted Muhammad was the one that struck him on his mouth and injured him at the battle of Uhud. [1] Maybe this particular stone was an infidel. If trees walked up to Muhammad and greeted him, would not the unbelievers look at him in awe and immediately accept him as a Prophet of God? Instead, Muhammad’s contemporaries who actually knew him viewed him not as a miracle worker but as madman:

Surah 15:6: And they say: O thou unto whom the Reminder is revealed, lo! Thou art indeed a madman!” (Pickthall)

Surah 37:36: And said: Shall we forsake our gods for a mad poet? (Pickthall)

Surah 44:14: Yet they turn away from him and say: “Tutored (by others), a man possessed.” (Yusuf Ali)

Let us now carefully analyze the following Qur’anic verses.

Surah 29:50-51: And they say: Why are not signs sent down upon him from his Lord? Say: The signs are only with Allah, and I am only a plain warner. Is it not enough for them that We have revealed to you the Book which is recited to them? Most surely there is mercy in this and a reminder for a people who believe. (Shakir)

Surah 29:51: “Is it not enough for them that We have sent down unto thee the Scripture which is read unto them?” (Pickthall)

The above Qur’anic verses provide further evidences that prove Allah did not empower Muhammad with the ability to perform miracles. Instead of miracles, the above Qur’anic verses testify that Muhammad was given the Qur’an. And Allah asks rhetorically, “Is it not enough?” Therefore, any claim that Muhammad actually performed miracles would now imply that the Qur’an is indeed “not enough.” It also means that Allah was wrong in his initial conclusion that the Qur’an alone is sufficient for the outworking and accomplishment of the task assigned to Muhammad.

In his esteemed work, “Message of the Qur’an, the late Sunni scholar Muhammad Asad wrote his scholarly interpretation of Surah 29:51. He candidly admitted:

This highly elliptic sentence has a fundamental bearing on the purport of the Qur’an as a whole. In many places the Qur’an stresses the fact that the Prophet Muhammad, despite his being the last and greatest of God’s apostles, was not empowered to perform miracles similar to those with which the earlier prophets are said to have reinforced their verbal messages. His only miracle was and is the Qur’an itself – a message perfect in its lucidity and ethical comprehensiveness, destined for all times and all stages of human development, addressed not merely to the feelings but also to the minds of men, open to everyone, whatever his race or social environment, and bound to remain unchanged forever. (Asad, Message of the Qur’an p. 427, fn. 71, – Dar Al-Andalus Limited 3 Library Ramp, Gibraltar 1993)

And this fact is also substantiated by the most authentic Hadith in the Muslim world:

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 379:

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “There was no prophet among the prophets but was given miracles because of which people had security or had belief, but what I was given was the Divine Inspiration which Allah revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will be more than those of any other prophet on the Day of Resurrection.”

This admission by Muhammad shows clearly that he did not perform any miracles. This exposes all the lies that were created about him by his followers after his death. Surah 29:51 actually sounds the death knell for any Muslim who claims that Muhammad performed miracles. The Qur’an was presented to Muhammad as his only miracle. He claimed unambiguously that this one miracle was sufficient to prove his prophethood. If Muhammad really needed miracles in addition to the Qur’an to prove his prophethood, then this falsifies Allah’s statement regarding the sufficiency of the Qur’an. In view of this fact, is it not really ironical that each time Muslims attribute miracles to Muhammad, they are only proving Allah, Muhammad and the Qur’an wrong? And to this we can add, also the implication that Allah lied in the Qur’an?

Surah 13:43: “They who disbelieve say: Thou art no messenger of Allah. Say: Allah, and whosoever hath knowledge of the Scripture, is sufficient witness between me and you.” (Pickthall)

(Muhammad), the unbelievers say, “You are not a Messenger.” Say, “God and those who have the knowledge of the Book are sufficient witness (to my prophethood).” (Sarwar)

Notice that miracles are not mentioned as one of the witnesses to validate Muhammad’s prophethood. If Muhammad did perform miracles as Muslims claim today, then the Qur’an is in error since it denies the performance of any miracle by him. On the other hand if Muhammad did not perform miracles as testified by the Qur’an, how can Muslims be sure that he was sent by God?

In contrast to Muhammad, notice how the Qur’an testifies that Jesus’ prophethood was authenticated by the miraculous works that he performed with the divine backing of God. The Qur’an records Jesus as saying:

Surah 3:49: “I heal the blind and the leprous, and bring the dead to life with Allah’s permission and I inform you of what you should eat and what you should store in your houses; most surely there is a sign in this for you, if you are believers.” (Shakir)

But why was Jesus given this divine power to perform miracles? The Qur’an itself answers this at the beginning of the above Qur’anic verse. It quotes Jesus as saying:

Surah 3:49: “I have brought you signs of my appointment from your Lord.” (Farook Malik)

This means that according to the Qur’an, Jesus came with credentials that he was sent by God. Muhammad had none.

DOES THE QUR’AN QUALIFY AS A MIRACLE?

Let us now analyze the claim that the Qur’an is a miracle in itself. This claim must be analyzed objectively. For a miracle to be truly miraculous, it should be accepted as a miracle by any individual from any nationality. For example, when someone is raised from the dead, this is considered as a miracle in Europe, Africa, Asia or in any place on earth. Both the Bible and the Qur’an recorded the miracles of Jesus. They clearly testify that he cleansed the lepers, raised the dead, healed the sick, cast out demons and performed many other powerful works. This is the definition of a true miracle. It does not need any interpretation, translation, education, explanation or above the average intelligence to say this is a miracle.

Now, try giving the Qur’an to a man who does not know Arabic, and say, “This is a miracle.” What do you think would be his response? We can almost say with certainty that his response would be something like this:

“What miracle? Are you kidding me? I don’t understand this language. I don’t understand Arabic. How could this be a miracle? It might be a miracle for you, but not for me.”

Today, about 80% of mankind are not Muslims. They simply cannot see the Qur’an as anything remotely close to the meaning of the word miracle. For the remaining 20% who are Muslims, most of them have neither read the Qur’an nor understood it. The Muslim claim is that only when the Qur’an is read in the original Arabic language, one can see the miracle in it. This would then mean that the great majority of the Muslims themselves cannot see it as a miracle since they do not read Arabic. Furthermore, we must understand which Arabic is being discussed here? The Arabic of the Qur’an is classical Arabic which is totally different from the spoken Arabic of today. This means that even most contemporary Arabs cannot see the Qur’an as a miracle.

And today, doubts about the Qur’an are slowly being expressed by a growing number of intellectuals who read it with understanding in the language they could understand. This is not surprising because when they study the Qur’an with understanding, they realized it contains not only numerous errors but also morally unacceptable teachings.

For example, when one reads verses like Surah 43:10:

“Allah has made for you the earth like a bed spread out.

Or verses like Surah 15:19: 

“And the earth We have spread out like a carpet.

It is only natural for doubts to set in. In comparison, if you go to the inspired writings of the Book of Isaiah in the Bible, you will find how it describes the shape of the earth with scientific accuracy – long before mankind even knew about it. Not to overlook is the fact that the Book of Isaiah was written centuries before the Qur’an:

Isaiah 40:22: “There is One who is dwelling above the circle of the earth.”

The Book of Isaiah was written around 700 years before Christ and it described accurately that planet earth is a globe. Muhammad, who came about 600 years after Christ, said that the planet earth is flat as a bed in the Qur’an. Is this the “miracle” that the Qur’an could offer?

Well, how does the Qur’an measure-up in the field of moral teachings? Can it be considered miraculous in this vital area? Though there are numerous morally unacceptable teachings in the Qur’an, we will consider just two such teachings to prove our point.

Surah 33:50: O PROPHET! Behold, We have made lawful to thee thy wives unto whom thou hast paid their dowers, as well as those whom thy right hand has come to possess from among the captives of war whom God has bestowed upon thee. (M. Asad)

O Prophet! surely We have made lawful to you your wives whom you have given their dowries, and those whom your right hand possesses out of those whom Allah has given to you as prisoners of war. (Shakir)

The command in this Qur’anic verse is only for Muhammad. Allah made it lawful for Muhammad to engage in sexual relationship with his wives, which is proper in view of the polygamous nature of Muslim marriages. Of course, the Christian standard on marriage is based on God’s original standard in the Garden of Eden, which is monogamy. However, what is shocking is the fact that Allah sanctions rape in the Qur’an. The above Qur’anic verse authorizes Muhammad to indulge in sexual intercourse with the female captives of war. Notice too, it says that it is Allah who provides these captive girls for his Prophet’s sexual enjoyment. To put it simply, the Allah of the Qur’an is acting like a pimp for his Prophet. But to be more specific, Allah is authorizing rape in the Qur’an. And the following commandment is given to the rest of the Muslim men.

Surah 4:24: And all married women (are forbidden unto you) save those (captives) whom your right hands possess. It is a decree of Allah for you. (Pickthall)

Also forbidden are married women, except those who have passed into your hands as prisoners of war. This is a commandment of God to you. (W. Khan)

This means that while Muslims are prohibited from engaging in extramarital sex with married women, there is an exception to this rule if the married woman is a captive or a slave. Under such circumstances, Muslim men can have forced sex with married captives of war or slave girls in their possession. The doctrine of rape is clearly taught in the Qur’an. Can a book containing such debased immoral teachings be considered as a miracle? For a detailed study on the subject of rape in the Qur’an, please click on to the following link: ISLAM – THE RELIGION OF RAPE

If Muslims are looking for a “Clear Sign” or “Evidence of the Truth” or “Sufficient miracle for a clear evidence of the truth” they should look for it elsewhere. They should look for it in the Holy Bible. Ironically for Muslims, this advice comes from none other than Allah himself. Notice how Allah testifies to this fact in the following Qur’anic verse:

Surah 20:133: They say: “Why does he not bring us a sign from his Lord?” Has not a Clear Sign come to them of all that was in the former Books of revelation? (Yusuf Ali)

They have said, “Why has he, (Muhammad), not brought some miracle from his Lord?” Have they not received the previously revealed heavenly Books as the evidence of the Truth? (Sarwar)

And they say: “If only he brought us a miracle from his Lord!” Has there not come to them as a sufficient miracle a Clear Evidence of the truth in what is to be found in the former Scriptures? (Ali Unal)

The “former Books of revelation” are none other than the Torah and the Gospel. The Qur’an is confirming the undeniable fact that “Clear Sign” or “Evidence for the Truth” or “Sufficient miracle for a Clear Evidence of the truth” can be found in the Holy Bible. Yes! The Holy Bible is the Word of God. The Qur’an testifies to the authenticity of Holy Bible. In contrast to popular Muslim sentiment, the Qur’an not only teaches that Holy Bible is the uncorrupted Word of God but it also testifies that it will continue to remain as such for all eternity. For an in-depth study on this subject, please click on the following link: THE QUR’AN CONFIRMS THE INTEGRITY OF THE BIBLE

ALLAH HAS STOPPED SENDING MIRACLES

To believe that Muhammad performed miracles, would amount to a rejection of the teachings of the Qur’an. This is because Allah very explicitly stated in the Qur’an that he has refrained from sending any signs or miracles.

Surah 17:59: “And We refrain from sending the Signs, only because the men of former generations treated them as false: We sent the she-camel to the Thamud to open their eyes, but they treated her wrongfully: We only send the Signs by way of terror and warning from evil.” (Yusuf Ali)

Nothing prevents Us from sending miraculous signs, except the fact that previous peoples denied them. We gave the people of Thamud the she-camel as a clear sign, yet they maltreated it. We send signs only to give warning. (Abdel Haleem)

This Qur’anic verse is one of the clearest proofs that Muhammad could not have performed any miracles whatsoever. The text says that Allah has refrained from sending miracles, which would make no sense at all if Muhammad did indeed perform signs and wonders. Within this Qur’anic verse, Allah also indicated his reason for not sending miracles any more. He finds it futile to provide miracles because people in the past did not believe them.

It’s hard to imagine how Muslims could put faith in this lame excuse of Allah. Allah is in effect saying: “We don’t do miracles any more because the people of Thamud killed our she-camel.” Why does Allah hold back miracles on the account of the lack of faith of a few people? Is it fair to use them as a measurement to represent and judge all future generations?

Without miracles of any kind, the only way Muhammad could make Allah appear legitimate and powerful is by ascribing the earlier Biblical miracles to him. This is an incredibly cunning plan for one who is illiterate.

According to the above Qur’anic verse, Allah now sends signs only “by way of terror.” In other words, without miracles, Allah now wants to terrorize the unbelievers into submission. Even in this, Allah fails. In the very next verse Allah admits that even this act of terrorizing the unbelievers only increased their transgression:

Surah 17:60: “We put terror and warning into them, but it only increases their inordinate transgression!” (Yusuf Ali)

Allah was powerless to send any sign, not even in the way of terror as he had promised to do so in the Qur’an. When Muhammad threatened the Qurayshites saying that Allah would cause the sky to fall on them, the Qurayshites challenged Allah to carry out the threat.

Surah 17:92: “Or thou cause the sky to fall in pieces, as thou sayest will happen, against us;” (Yusuf Ali)

Nothing happened.

Let us analyze Surah 17:59 once again. This Qur’anic verse delivers a deathblow to Islam. It clearly identifies who Allah truly is. It also proves beyond doubt that Allah is a liar and the Qur’an is a lie. You will find the evidences indisputable. Let’s begin our analysis. Allah declares in Surah 17:59:

We refrain from sending the Signs (miracles) because the men of former generations treated them as false: We sent the she-camel to the Thamud to open their eyes, but they treated her wrongfully.”

According to Surah 7 verses 73, 75 and 77, the prophet Salih was sent to the people of Thamud. He was with the people of Thamud during the occasion of this tragic event when the unbelievers killed the she-camel of Allah:

Surah 7:73: To the Thamud people We sent Salih, one of their own brethren: He said: “O my people! Worship Allah: ye have no other god but Him. Now hath come unto you a clear Sign from your Lord! This she-camel of Allah is a Sign unto you: So leave her to graze in Allah’s earth, and let her come to no harm, or ye shall be seized with a grievous punishment. (Yusuf Ali)

Surah 7:75: The leaders of the arrogant party among his people said to those who were reckoned powerless – those among them who believed: “know ye indeed that Salih is a messenger from his Lord?” They said: “We do indeed believe in the revelation which hath been sent through him.” (Ibid)

Surah 7:77: Then they ham-strung the she-camel, and insolently defied the order of their Lord, saying: “O Salih! Bring about thy threats, if thou art a messenger of Allah!” (Ibid)

The Qur’an does not mention the time period when the prophet Salih was sent to the people of Thamud. But we can say with utmost certainty that he was sent to the people of Thamud before the time of Jesus Christ. This is because according to Islamic theology no prophets or apostles were raised between the time of Jesus and Muhammad. In other words, there were no prophets between Jesus and Muhammad. Therefore, the prophet Salih must have appeared before the time of Jesus Christ.

Sahih Muslim, Book 030, Hadith Number 5836:

Abu Huraira reported many ahadith from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and one is that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: I am most close to Jesus, son of Mary, among the whole of mankind in this worldly life and the next life. They said: Allah’s Messenger how is it? Thereupon he said: Prophets are brothers in faith, having different mothers. Their religion is, however, one and there is no Apostle between us (between I and Jesus Christ).

This clearly proves that prophet Salih could not have been sent to the people of Thamud after the time of Jesus but before. This is important because it means that Allah must have stopped sending miracles long before Jesus Christ set foot on earth. If that is the case, who then is the source behind the powerful works performed by Jesus Christ. Does not this prove that Allah simply cannot be the God who empowered Jesus with the ability to perform miracles? If Allah is not the one, then who did? He is none other than Jehovah, the God whom true Christians worship. He was the One who empowered Jesus with the ability to perform all the powerful miracles. [2]

Now, how are Muslims going to reconcile Allah’s statement to the effect that he stopped sending miracles after the people of Thamud killed his miraculous she-camel with his claims in the Qur’an that he empowered Jesus Christ with the ability to perform all the powerful miracles?

Surah 3:49: And will make him (Jesus)) a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying): “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allah’s Leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe.” (Hilali-Khan)

This clearly proves that Allah lied in the Qur’an. It proves that Allah is an impostor. He pretended to be the source behind the powerful works of Jesus Christ when the Qur’an itself admits that he could have done so. If Allah did perform miracles through Jesus, this would then make the Qur’an false since it claims that Allah has stopped sending miracles long before the time of Jesus. Then again, if Allah did not perform miracles through Jesus, this would still make the Qur’an false because it contains a false claim saying that Allah was the source behind the powerful miracles of Jesus. Either way the Qur’an is false. Muslims have to now choose between a false sacred text and a false sacred text. And not to overlook, the false deity who originated that lie. And this is more than sufficient to make Islam false. Muslims beware!

John 8:44: The Devil was a manslayer when he began, and he did not stand fast in the truth, because truth is not in him. When he speaks the lie, he speaks according to his own natural inclination, because he is a liar and the father of the lie.

In contrast, it is impossible for Jehovah to lie:

Hebrews 6:18: It is impossible for God to lie.

This should alert sincere Muslims regarding the real source behind the inspiration of the Qur’an. Allah shamelessly proclaimed whatever he thought was necessary to deceive people. Whenever he wanted to make an impact on his audience with his pretentious awesome power, he talked about the miracles which he supposedly brought about in the distant past. However, when the people of Muhammad’s time demanded that he prove his divinity through the manifestation of miraculous works, he lied to them saying: I have stopped sending miracles, as people in the past did not believe in them.”

This chameleon-like, deceitful manner on the part of Allah makes him not only untrustworthy but also exposes him as an impostor. He lied shamelessly to deceive us. Today, more than a billion Muslims are deceived. When challenged, Allah resorted to empty threats.

Although, some in the past did not put faith in the miracles, such as those performed by Moses, this did nothing to stop the true God from empowering many of his prophets who were sent after the time of Moses. With his divine backing, they performed great miracles. The Qur’an itself acknowledges this. The most profound of this can be seen by the miracles performed by Jesus who appeared to a much later generation.

Surah 2:87: “We gave Jesus the son of Mary Clear (Signs) and strengthened him with the holy spirit.” (Yusuf Ali)

The Qur’an itself reveals that before the time of Muhammad when God had dealings with his people, the lack of faith on the part of one generation did not prevent the true God from providing miracles to the later generations. Why should this be an excuse for Allah now? To say that miracles are not necessary because previous generations did not believe in them is evidently an excuse. Even if a great majority chooses not to believe, miracles still served to prove that the prophets sent to speak in God’s name were divinely authorized by him. It authenticated their prophethood. This was true in the case of both Moses and Jesus.

The important fact is that sincere ones did respond to the display of divine miracles. Moved by the miracles they witnessed, they repented and turned to serving the true God. Contrary to the reason Allah gave for not sending miracles, the Qur’an itself testifies that the miracles performed by past prophets such as Moses and Jesus, did move people to believe in the authenticity of the messages they delivered. For example, the miracles performed by Moses moved even the “sorcerers” of Pharaoh to abandon their demonic practices and turn to the true God.

Surah 7:113-122: “So there came the sorcerers to Pharaoh: They said, “of course we shall have a suitable reward if we win!” Pharaoh said: “Yea and more, – for ye shall in that case be raised to posts nearest to my person.” They said: “O Moses! Wilt thou throw first, or shall we have the first throw?” Said Moses: “Throw you first.” So when they threw, they bewitched the eyes of the people, and struck terror into them: for they showed a great feat of magic. We put it into Moses’ mind by inspiration: “Throw now thy rod”: and Behold! It swallows up straight away all the falsehoods which they fake! Thus truth was confirmed, and all that they did was made of no effect. So the great ones were vanquished there and then, and were made to look small. But the sorcerers fell down prostrate in adoration. Saying: “We believe in the Lord of the Worlds, – “The Lord of Moses and Aaron.” (Yusuf Ali)

Even under threat of death by crucifixion at the hands of Pharaoh, the repentant sorcerers replied:

Surah 7:125: “For us, we are but sent back unto our Lord.” (Yusuf Ali)

This proves that Allah lied when he said that peoples in the past did not believe in miracles. In fact, it was Muhammad’s inability to perform miracles that called into question the validity of his prophethood. And it was Allah’s excuses for not providing miracles that called into question his godship. Before accepting Muhammad’s messages as authentic, the Meccans wanted him to display an act of miracle so as to ensure that he was indeed sent by God. However, instead of providing them with a miraculous sign, Allah came up with an excuse. He said that they would not believe even if miracles are performed for their benefit. In fact, Allah stated that the contemporaries of Muhammad would not believe even if angels were sent to them or dead men came to life and spoke to them. (Surah 6:111)

In reality, these are the very miracles that the contemporaries of Muhammad had been asking to validate his claim. They challenged him to bring forth angels from heaven as a sign to authenticate his prophethood.

Surah 17:90-92: And they say: We will by no means believe in you until you cause a fountain to gush forth from the earth for us. Or you should have a garden of palms and grapes in the midst of which you should cause rivers to flow forth, gushing out. Or you should cause the heaven to come down upon us in pieces as you think, or bring Allah and the angels face to face with us. (Shakir)

Just think. Would those who had specifically demanded for miracles as a sign, disbelieve right after the very miracle they had demanded is visibly manifested before their very eyes? We do not think so. Allah lies once again. With no miracles to authenticate Islam, what was it that finally led to the conversion of these Meccans? Years later, when the sword of Muhammad began to glitter in the hot Arabian Desert, the Meccans professed the Islamic faith and “entered Allah’s religion in troops”

Surah 110:2: And thou seest mankind entering the religion of Allah in troops. (Pickthall)

It was not the greeting stones or the greeting trees but the sword of Muhammad that eventually won converts for Allah. We will now focus on the subject of predestination. We will discuss how predestination takes precedence over miracles in Islam and renders it useless.

MIRACLES AND PREDESTINATION

Instead of validating Muhammad’s prophethood through the display of miraculous signs, Allah revealed the following Qur’anic verse:

Surah 13:27: The unbelievers say: “How is it that no miracle was sent down to him by his Lord?” Say: “Allah leads whosoever He wills astray, and guides whoever turns to Him in repentance. (Ahmed Ali)

This Qur’anic verse not only substantiates our argument that Muhammad did not perform any miracles but it also exposes Allah’s evil character. Would it not be more merciful to send a miracle to convince the Meccans than to deliberately deceive them? Even more troubling are the following Qur’anic verses. Provided below are two translations:

Surah 6:109-111: The unbelievers solemnly swear by God that if they were to be shown some miracle, they would certainly believe. Muhammad, tell them, “Only with God are all the miracles.” Even if a miracle was to take place, they still would not believe. We will turn their hearts and vision away from a miracle; they did not have faith in miracles at the first time, and We will leave them blind in their rebellion. Had We sent the angels to them, made the dead speak to them, and resurrected all things before their very eyes, they still would not believe unless God willed it to be so. But, in fact, most of them ignore the evidence. (Sarwar)

They swear by God with their most solemn oaths that if a miraculous sign came to them they would believe in it. Say Prophet, ‘Signs are in the power of God alone.’ What will make you believers realize that even if a sign came to them they still would not believe? We would make their hearts and their eyes turn away, just as they did not believe the first time, and leave them to flounder in their obstinacy. Even if We sent the angels down to them, and the dead spoke to them, and We gathered all things right in front of them, they still would not believe, unless God so willed, but most of them are ignorant of this. (Abdel Haleem)

Regarding the polytheists, Allah said that he will turn their hearts and vision away from a miracle” because “they did not have faith in miracles at the first time.” Since no signs or miracles were sent at any time to the contemporaries of Muhammad, how could Allah then say that “they did not have faith in miracles at the first time”? The miracle mentioned here can only refer to the miracle of the Qur’an. And Surah 8:31 lends supports this conclusion:

When Our Signs are recited to them, they say, ‘We have heard already. If we want, we too can say like this. These are nothing but myths of the ancients.’ (Ali Quli Qara’i)

For the “Signs” to be “recited” it has to be the written messages of the Qur’an. The polytheists refused to believe in the Qur’an because there was nothing impressive about the Qur’an for them to accept it as the Word of God. They confronted Muhammad and said: “We have heard already. If we want, we too can say like this. These are nothing but myths of the ancients.” As such, they wanted proofs similar to those exhibited by Jesus, Moses and other Biblical prophets:

Surah 21:5: Some say, These are his confused dreams. Others say, He has invented it himself, and yet others say, He is a poet. Let him bring us a sign as previous messengers did. (W. Khan)

There were neither healings, walking on waters, parting of seas, raising of the dead, feeding of multitudes nor any awe inspiring teaching in the Qur’an to validate the divine authority of Muhammad’s prophethood. So how could the people entrust their lives and their entire salvation solely on the words of this single illiterate man? Let us look closely at the words of Allah in Surah 6:111:

And though We should send down the angels unto them, and the dead should speak unto them, and We should gather against them all things in array, they would not believe unless Allah so willed. Howbeit, most of them are ignorant.”(Pickthall)

Allah clearly stated that “they would not believe unless Allah so willed.” Can you not see the utter wickedness of this Qur’anic verse? It shows that there is actually no free-will in Islam. Therefore, is Allah not causing mischief by depriving people of the ability to see the truth? If Allah had already preordained these people’s unbelief and persistence in polytheism, what useful purpose could there be for miracles? What useful purpose could there be for prophets to preach to them? What useful purpose could there be for scriptures to guide them? All these divine provisions, do not they then become nothing more than an exercise in futility? [3]

The inescapable conclusion is that these people will not believe because Allah did not wish them to believe. And this is confirmed by the clear statement of Allah in Surah 6:110:

“We will turn their hearts and vision away from a miracle.” (Sarwar)

Allah the Merciful also declared the following:

Surah 32:13: “If We had so willed, We could certainly have brought every soul its true guidance: but the Word from Me will come true, “I will fill Hell with Jinns and men all together.” (Yusuf Ali)

According to the above Qur’anic verse, Allah is not going to provide guidance for everyone. What is utterly damaging is the evil nature of Allah’s statement in the Qur’an. He states that if he wanted to, he could have provided guidance to all mankind. But he does not want to do so for the sole reason that his “Word to fill Hell with Jinns and men will come true.” In the first place, it is unthinkable that God will ever set as his goal, a predestined figure as a quota of the number of persons he wants to send to Hell. This is pure evil. Yet, this is true of Allah. And the Qur’an states that for this reason alone, he deliberately holds back guidance from those he predestines to Hell.

A loving God would have made his divine guidance available to everyone and only then judge an individual on the basis of his or her response to that guidance. He will never predetermine the outcome of the destination of anyone. Instead of providing guidance for everyone, Allah threatens those whom he chooses not to guide with destruction in this life and severe punishment in the hereafter. This proves that according to the teachings of Islam, miracles actually serve no purpose. Those whom Allah destined to be saved will be saved and those whom Allah destined to be condemned will be condemned. So what is the purpose of the miraculous works of Moses and Jesus in Islam?

Given below are further examples of verses in the Qur’an which show that both the acts of righteousness and unrighteousness of a person is dependent on the predetermined will of Allah. According to Islamic theology, all our actions and decisions and even our final destinations are predetermined by Allah. And they are predestined even before we are born. [4] As such, miracles serve no purpose in Islam. In other words, with or without miracles, mankind’s fate is sealed.

Surah 4:88: And he whom Allah has made to go astray, you will never find for him any way of guidance. (Hilali-Khan)

Surah 5:44: “He whom Allah doometh unto sin, thou by thine efforts wilt avail him naught against Allah. Those are they for whom the Will of Allah is that He cleanse not their hearts. Theirs in the world will be ignominy, and in the Hereafter an awful doom;”(Pickthall)

Surah 14:4: “Then Allah sendeth whom He will astray, and guideth whom He will. He is the Mighty, the Wise.” (Pickthall)

Surah 39:23: “And him whom Allah sendeth astray, for him there is no guide.” (Pickthall)

All these Qur’anic verses show that according to Islamic theology, prophets will be unable to change or influence an individual whom Allah had predestined or predetermined to err. This makes utter nonsense of the necessity of prophets or the need for any inspired holy books. In reality what can these do to change those who are already predestined by Allah? This also means that no amount of miracles will be able to alter the predestined course of an individual who is doomed by Allah – to a destiny of eternity in the Islamic Hell. As such, miracles as a means to convince unbelievers make no sense in Islam.

Thus, Allah cannot be the true God. He simply cannot be the God who is revealed in the Holy Bible. The Bible identifies Jehovah as the only true God. And Jehovah created man as a free moral agent with the freedom to choose.

Deuteronomy 30:19: “I have put life and death before you, the blessing and the malediction, and you must choose life that you may keep living.”

And as the Almighty God, Jehovah performed many miracles through Moses and Jesus to authenticate their divine mission. He gave no excuses.

Because of the profound teachings and miracles performed by Jesus Christ, the greatest prophet of all times, Christianity spread to the entire inhabited earth without the use of the sword. Jesus taught Christians the following vital principle:

Matthew 26:52: “Those who take the sword will perish by the sword.”

After thirteen years of preaching in Mecca, no more than a hundred people believed in Muhammad. The messages of the Meccan Surahs proved ineffective. The only recourse that miracle-less Muhammad could find was the physical sword. After he migrated to Medina, he gathered the support of the men of the sword. Islam became powerful. Carnal replaced spiritual. The sword of the flesh replaced the sword of the spirit. “Kill them wherever you find them.” (Surah 2:191became the rallying cry of Allah and Muhammad.

With neither miracles to authenticate his calling nor spiritual truths to reach the heart, the religion of Muhammad survived by inspiring fear through the threat of the Islamic sword.

Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 22, Number 220:

Allah’s Apostle said, “I have been made victories with terror.”

Yes! Muhammad was no miracle worker but the first Muslim terrorist. Jehovah and Allah, Jesus Christ and Muhammad, Christianity and Islam, the Bible and the Qur’an, Miracles and Miracle-less are opposites. Muslims must decide!

APPENDIX

SPLITTING OF THE MOON

Muslims claim that there are evidences in the Qur’an which show that Muhammad performed miracles to authenticate his prophethood. They believe he split the moon into two. And they cite Surah 54:1-2 to prove Muhammad performed this miracle. The Qur’anic verses read:

The Hour (of judgment) is nigh, and the moon is cleft asunder: But if they see a sign they turn away And say, “This is (but) transient magic.” (Yusuf Ali)

The Hour of Doom is drawing near and the moon is rent asunder. Whenever they see a miracle, they turn away from it and say, “This is just a powerful magic.” (Muhammad Sarwar)

It is claimed that these Qur’anic verses refer to the moon-splitting miracle of Muhammad. He supposedly split the moon into two in the presence of the Meccans. But are these Qur’anic verses truly describing a miracle by Muhammad? Take note of the following facts:

One: Muhammad is not mentioned in this Qur’anic passage.

Two: If it is a miracle by Muhammad, then it contradicts all the other passages in the Qur’an which shows that Muhammad did not and could not perform miracles because of his status as “only a warner.

Three: And this also contradicts Allah’s confirmed reason in the Qur’an that as “only a warner” it is not within his right to perform miracles.

Four: Had Muhammad truly performed a miracle of this magnitude, the unbelievers would not have asked for a sign later on. And it would not have been necessary for Muhammad to later wage war against the Meccans who persistently denied his prophethood.

Five: The Qur’an itself testifies that the only miracle granted to Muhammad by Allah was the Qur’an. And Allah seals the eternal sufficiency of the Qur’an by asking: “Is it not enough?” Any additional miracle would now mean that the Qur’an is indeed insufficient.

Six: The Qur’an consistently refers to the “Hour of Judgment” as an occurrence that will take place at time of the end when God executes judgment. Therefore, this Qur’anic passage is not describing a miracle of Muhammad but a prophecy that is yet to be fulfilled.

Let’s read the full narrative of this account to understand the time frame when this event is scheduled to occur:

Surah 54:1-8: 1. The Hour of Doom is drawing near and the moon is rent asunder. 2. Whenever they see a miracle, they turn away from it and say, “This is just a powerful magic.” 3. They have rejected it and have followed their own desires, but all matters will be settled by God. 4. They have certainly received the kind of news in which there is a lesson and strong words of wisdom, 5. but the warnings have proved to have no effect on them. 6. (Muhammad), leave them alone. On the day when they will be called to a terrible punishment, 7. they will come out of their graves, their eyes cast down, hastening towards their Summoner as locusts rushing about. 8. These disbelievers will say, “This is a hard day.” (Muhammad Sarwar)

The term “Hour of Doom” or the “Day of Judgment” or the “Day of Resurrection” all refer to the same event. It is known as Qiyamah in Arabic which means “Time of the End.” Therefore, this account is actually referring to future events that will occur at the time of the end.

Verse one states: “The Hour of Doom is drawing near and the moon is rent asunder.”

Verses six and seven states: “On the day when they will be called to a terrible punishment, they will come out of their graves.”

Well, who was resurrected on the day when Muhammad split the moon? And why is there not a single confirmation in the entire collection of the Hadiths to show that such an event did occur during Muhammad’s time? Not a single soul was resurrected. Is it not ironical for the all-knowing Allah to go through all the trouble of choosing the only miracle that does not convince the unbelieving Meccans? Would it not be far more credible to perform a simple miracle right here on earth for the Meccans to witness? After all, the simple-minded Meccans just wanted Muhammad to miraculously “cause a spring to gush out of the ground.” Would not that be easier? Anyway, there is not a single record anywhere related to “moon splitting” outside of Islam. If it did happen, the “splitting of the moon” would have been a worldwide phenomenon. It would be hard to dismiss such an earth-shaking event. Except for Muslims, no source outside of Islam records this event.

Fakhruddin Razi (1149 C.E. – 1209 C.E.) was a distinguished Persian Sunni Muslim theologian and philosopher who wrote in Arabic. On the claim by Muslims that Surah 54:1-2 is actually referring to the miracle-splitting of Muhammad, Fakhruddin Razi stated the following:

Most of the commentators see in this verse a reference to a phenomenon said to have been witnessed by several of the Prophet’s contemporaries. As described in a number of reports going back to some Companions, the moon appeared one night as if split into two distinct parts. While there is no reason to doubt the subjective veracity of these reports, it is possible that what actually happened was an unusual kind of partial lunar eclipse, which produced an equally unusual optical illusion. But whatever the nature of that phenomenon, it is practically certain that the above Qur’an-verse does not refer to it but, rather, to a future event: namely, to what will happen when the Last Hour approaches. (The Qur’an frequently employs the past tense to denote the future, and particularly so in passages which speak of the coming of the Last Hour and of Resurrection Day; this use of the past tense is meant to stress the certainty of the happening to which the verb relates.)

Thus, Raghib regards it as fully justifiable to interpret the phrase inshaqqa l-qamar (“the moon is split asunder”) as bearing on the cosmic cataclysm – the end of the world as we know it – that will occur before the coming of Resurrection Day (see art.shaqq in the Mufradat). As mentioned by Zamakhshari, this interpretation has the support of some of the earlier commentators; and it is, to my mind, particularly convincing in view of the juxtaposition, in the above Quran-verse, of the moon’s “splitting asunder” and the approach of the Last Hour. (In this connection we must bear in mind the fact that none of the Quranic allusions to the “nearness” of the Last Hour and the Day of Resurrection is based on the human concept of “time.”) (Ibid., p. 818, fn. 1)

Well, what about the Hadiths that claim Muhammad actually performed this miracle? Let us look at one such Hadith that makes this claim.

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 831:

Narrated By Anas: That the Meccan people requested Allah’s Apostle to show them a miracle, and so he showed them the splitting of the moon.

The problem with this Hadith is that it contradicts the Qur’an. As we have noted, Allah himself gave the reason in the Qur’an as to why Muhammad could not perform miracles. And we also learnt that the only miracle that was given to Muhammad was the Qur’an. The rule of the thumb in Islamic theology is that if any Hadith contradicts the Qur’an, it should be rejected.

Let us consider another vital piece of information. Let us consider the timeline of the Surahs that are relevant to our discussion.

Surah 54:1-2: Moon Splitting Verses (Early Meccan Surah).

Surah 6:109: No Miracle Verse (Late Meccan Surah).

Surah 13:7: No Miracle Verse (Late Meccan Surah).

Surah 29:50: No Miracle Verse (Late Meccan Surah).

Surah 29:51: Qur’an Alone Sufficient (Late Meccan Surah).

The four Late Meccan Surahs which show the inability of Muhammad to perform miracles was revealed after the moon-splitting Surah. Therefore, if the Moon was miraculously split in two by Muhammad, then it would be an unmistakable error for the Qur’an to emphatically state in these later Surahs that he could not perform miracles before the Meccans because his purpose was only to warn. Why did not Muhammad refer to this moon-splitting miracle to validate his prophethood when he was challenged by the Meccans? Had he really performed the moon-splitting miracle, he would have referenced it and would not have remained silent before the Meccans. Is it not astonishing that not once in the entire Qur’an did Muhammad appeal to this astounding miracle to silence his critics? Why?

Desperate Muslims attribute this miracle to Muhammad. When prophets of the true God performed miracles they understood the full significance of the miracles they performed. When Muslims claim that Muhammad split the moon, they must ask themselves, “Did Muhammad himself really understand the full significance of this miracle?” How can this be when Muhammad believed and taught that the sun sets in a muddy pool. For an in-depth discussion on this subject, please click on the following link: ERROR IN QUR’AN: SUN SETS IN A POOL 

Muhammad believed that the sun actually sets in a muddy pool. He must have likewise believed that the moon, just like the sun, is a small ball of light traveling through the night sky. As such, it should not surprise us if Muhammad made this absurd claim of having split the moon into two. It is possible for him to make such a bold claim out of sheer ignorance. He would have made such an awesome claim not knowing that the “splitting the moon” would have dire consequences. He would have made such a claim not knowing that it would have a deadly impact on the lives of people on earth. Not knowing that it would have dangerously affected the stability of the earth. Not knowing about the importance of the gravitational pull of the moon on our planet. If Muhammad knew all this, he would not have made this ridiculous claim of splitting the moon into two. That very thought would have frightened him. Not knowing all the facts, he dared to make such a claim to fool the Meccans. And the Meccans did not believe him. No sane person would believe this madness.

And this is not the only preposterous claim of Muhammad. He even claimed to have visited Allah on a flying donkey. Seriously. If you find this unbelievable, please click on to the following link: MUHAMMAD’S FABRICATED NIGHT JOURNEY TO HEAVEN

In conclusion, we can see that the Qur’an explicitly states that Muhammad performed no miracles apart from the alleged inspiration he received. The Qur’an testifies that his only miracle was the Qur’an that he received from Allah. And the Qur’an is no miracle either.

END-NOTES

[1] Ishaq: 380:

The enemy got at the Apostle who was hit with a stone so that he fell on his side and one of his teeth was smashed, his face scored, and his lip injured.”

Tabari VII: 124:

Abd Manat came and threw a stone at Muhammad, breaking his nose and his lateral incisor, splitting his face open, and stunning him. His Companions dispersed and abandoned him, some of them going to Medina and some climbing up Uhud and standing there. The Messenger cried out to his men, ‘To me. To me.”

[2] Psalms 83:18:

That people may know that you, whose name is Jehovah, You alone are the Most High over all the earth.”

[3] Sahih Muslim, Book 033, Number 6406:

Abu al-Aswad reported that ‘Imran b Husain asked him: What is your view, what the people do today in the world, and strive for, is it something decreed for them or preordained for them or will their fate in the Hereafter be determined by the fact that their Prophets brought them teaching which they did not act upon? I said: Of course, it is something which is predetermined for them and preordained for them. He (further) said: Then, would it not be an injustice (to punish them)? I felt greatly disturbed because of that, and said: Everything is created by Allah and lies in His Power. He would not be questioned as to what He does, but they would be questioned; thereupon he said to me: May Allah have mercy upon you, I did not mean to ask you but for testing your intelligence. Two men of the tribe of Muzaina came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: Allah’s Messenger, what is your opinion that the people do in the world and strive for, is something decreed for them; something preordained for them and will their fate in the Hereafter be determined by the fact that their Prophets brought them teachings which they did not act upon. And thus they became deserving of punishment? Thereupon, he said: Of course, it happens as it is decreed by Destiny and preordained for them, and this view is confirmed by this verse of the Book of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious“Consider the soul and Him Who made it perfect, then breathed into it its sin and its piety” (Surah 91:8 [Original Arabic]).

[4] Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 550:

The Prophet said, ‘Allah has appointed an angel in the womb, and the angel says, “Lord, a drop of semen discharge. Lord, a clot, Lord, a piece of flesh.” And then, if Allah wishes to complete the child’s creation, the angel will say. Lord, male or a female? Lord, wretched or blessed in religion? What will his livelihood be? What will his age be?” The angel writes all this while the child is in the womb of its mother.’”

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 60, Number 473:

While we were in a funeral procession, Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Every created soul has his place written for him either in Paradise or in Hell. They have a happy or miserable fate predestined for them.’ A man said, ‘Apostle! Shall we depend upon what is written and give up doing deeds? For whoever is destined to be fortunate, will join the fortunate and whoever is destined to be miserable will go to Hell.’”

Surah 3:154: “Say: ‘Even if you had remained in your houses, those ordained to be slaughtered would have gone forth to the places where they were to slain.”

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